Groundnut decorticator is very important machine for farmers and rural people to provide employment as well as to increase income of groundnut producing farmers.
Our groundnut decorticator works on 2 HP electric motor and shells 300 kg of groundnut per hour in to groundnut kernels (almost 72%) and groundnut husk (almost 28%).
Groundnut kernels are also graded in to whole groundnut kernels suitable for sowing and split kernels which may be 4 to 5%. This is done by shaker screen provided at the bottom of the machine. To and fro motion is given by eccentric. In built blower running at about 700 RPM blows away the entire groundnut husk almost 8 to 10 ft away from the machine.
Importance of this machine is that farmers can decorticate all the groundnuts in the farm itself and can sell groundnut kernels in the market. In 8 hours time, this machine can shell almost 2400 kg of groundnut producing about 1700 kg kernels and about 700 kg of husk. Or they can further process groundnut kernels in to KHARI SING (roasted and salted peanut) or in to peanut butter. These way farmers will get far higher income than by selling whole groundnut in pods.
Total crop of the groundnut in India is 8 million tonnes. This entire crop should be processed in to farms by solar operated groundnut decorticators. For 8 million tonnes, 40000 groundnut decorticators are required. So entire groundnut shelling work should be carried out in the farms by solar energy. 2 HP motor working on solar panels will drive the groundnut decorticator. When farmers will install solar water pumps everywhere, solar power of the pumps can be utilized for running any industry also. So solar panels meant for 2 HP solar pumps or bigger will drive 2 HP motor for groundnut decorticator.
The groundnut husk will be useful as a natural manure to make the soil softer so that groundnut crop will be bigger in the next season. Groundnut kernels should be encouraged to consume directly for eating or for KHARI SING (roasted and salted peanut) which will bring far higher prices for farmers. So in every way there will be win-win situation.
Activity of shelling the groundnut is carried out free of cost on custom milling basis by the owners of decorticators. Reason is that they retain groundnut husks as their charges of decorticating. They sell it as a fuel to big factories and that is their profit.
For solar powered groundnut decorticator look video link :